Manchester is a metropolitan borough and major city in Greater Manchester, England.
Manchester is located within the second highest populated (2.55 million) urban area in the United Kingdom encapsulating Blackley, Burnage, Cheetham Hill, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Didsbury, Ringway, Withington and Wythenshawe.
Historically, Manchester was a part of Lancashire.
Manchester attained city status in 1853 with some of the main infrastructures at the time including The public library in Tonman Street, Manchester’s Cottonopolis (with 108 cotton mills), Philips Park in Clayton, Peel Park in Salford and Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railways.
Manchester became the first industrialised city in the UK growing rapidly to encompass Blackley, Ringway, and Didsbury.
Manchester is fringed by the Pennines to the east and north, the Cheshire Plain to the south and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation including Bury, Bolton, Oldham, Rochdale, Swinton, Stockport, Ashton-under-Lyne.
As at 2013, the population of Manchester was 514, 414.
The Manchester University located in Oxford Road Manchester, England was where scientists first developed the stored-programme computer and split the atom for the first time.
Manchester has 91 National rail stations including Manchester Oxford Road Railway, Manchester Victoria Railyway station in Victoria Station Approach, Manchester M3 and Manchester Piccadilly station in Boad Street Manchester.
Manchester is located in bowl-shaped land area 260 km (160 miles) northwest of London, 56.3 km (35 miles) northwest of Sheffield and 56.3 km (35 miles) northeast of Liverpool, positioning it halfway between Sheffield and Liverpool.
The relatively low-lying city centre is on the River Irwell’s east bank, near its confluences with the Rivers Irk and Medlock.
Within the Greater Manchester Urban Area, Manchester has the highest population and forms the 3rd largest conurbation in the UK.
Greater Manchester has the largest Jewish population in Britain outside London.
Manchester’s Irish Festival is one of the largest in the United Kingdom, running across multiple venues including Kielys of Manchester, Manchester Town Hall, Talbot Catholic Club, Manchester Opera House and Lancashire County Cricket Club.
Of all districts in Greater Manchester, the City of Manchester has the highest non-white proportion.
Manchester has a well-established Chinatown with a good number of Chinese supermarkets and oriental restaurants surrounded by Mosley Street to the west, Portland Street to the east, Princess Street to the south, and Charlotte Street to the north.
The Manchester Airport located in the South West of the Manchester City Centre is managed by the Manchester civic leadership.
The Manchester City Centre area has a healthy population of LGBT people.
The most affluent neighbourhoods in the Manchester area can be found in Altrincham, Trafford.
The most deprived neighbourhoods in the Manchester area can be found in Blackley, Broughton, Rochdale, Bolton South East, Manchester Gorton, Oldham West , Wythenshawe, Ashton-under-Lyne , Worsley, Heywood and Stalybridge.
Greater Manchester has the second largest collection of millionaires in the UK with Manchester City making up the majority.
Following a bombing that devastated the Manchester city centre in 1996, the city was reborn as a thriving modern city after extensive regeneration and investment.
Among the regeneration projects were initiatives such as the Manchester Arena, the Bridgewater Concert Hall and the Metrolink.